Posts Tagged ‘Stress related illness’
The relationship between OCD and MBS: Jacob’s story
I have learned so many things about the mind and the body over the past 5 years of working with patients with Mind Body syndrome. One of the most interesting things is that disorders that we considered psychological, such as anxiety, depression, PTSD (post-traumatic stress disorder), and OCD (obsessive-compulsive disorder) actually are similar to (dare I say identical to?) Mind Body syndrome. In other words, these disorders are caused by patterns of neurological response to stress and emotional reactions to stressful situations. This leads to two conclusions: 1) that psychological disorders such as these occur as part of MBS and typically are exchanged (substituted) with pain and other typical MBS symptoms and 2) we can treat these disorders effectively using the same methods as we use for MBS.
Read the story of Jacob, who had OCD, which morphed into chronic pain. He learned that he had to deal with the OCD and the pain, but that they were connected by being components of Mind Body syndrome.
“About 10 years ago I had back pain for 2-3 years and read Dr Sarno’s book and also had a MRI which showed no problems and my back pain went away. A couple years ago when having my second child I started getting high anxiety and really bad obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) about things like locking doors, chemicals around house and just about anything else. Then about a year ago, I had surgery, and the pain after surgery started going away but lingered and then after taking numerous tests and seeing specialists and searching the internet about why the pain was not going away it started getting worse and worse. Soon I was taking Vicodin for pain and searching for any cure I could find. I even tried a pain clinic and had a nerve block which did not work and even made my back hurt for a few weeks (the doctor warned me that it was a possible side effect). I was getting pretty desperate and depressed. The pain was nearly unbearable. I was taking sleeping pills at night to sleep and pain killers during the day.
Naming an illness can be one of the most critical aspects of caring for someone, especially if the illness falls into the category of stress-related illnesses. It is a universal truth that anyone with medical symptoms wants and in fact, needs to know what is causing it. So often in modern medicine, our answer is “We don’t know.” We don’t know why some people get cancer and others don’t. Many people with heart attacks have normal cholesterol levels and no obvious risk factors for heart disease.
For stress related illnesses, such as migraine and tension headaches, fibromyalgia, TMJ syndrome, irritable bowel and bladder syndromes, fatigue, and most people with chronic neck and back pain, it is absolutely critical to be able to name the illness correctly. Doctors who are unfamiliar with the powerful role the mind has in being able to produce significant and sometimes severe physical symptoms will always label the illness as a purely physical one. Hence, we see the proliferation of illnesses named as a syndrome or with a description that doesn’t help the person understand the true underlying cause of the illness. Fibromyalgia is a good example of a severe syndrome who’s name literally means “pain in muscles and tendons.” Unfortunately, people with this disorder already know that they have pain. The name helps to legitimize the disorder, but it doesn’t help to solve the problem of helping them get rid of their pain. In fact, the name can become a prison of sorts and can give them the impression that they will always be in pain, because the medication and physical therapies usually do not work.
Therefore, for stress-related illnesses in which there is no tissue destruction in the body (e.g. not cancer, or stroke, or heart disease, or diabetes, or lupus, or rheumatoid arthritis), it can be extremely helpful to learn that one actually has a mind body issue, which Dr. Sarno terms Tension Myositis Syndrome, while I tend to use the term, Mind Body Syndrome. These terms mean the same thing; that the symptoms are caused by reactions in the body to stress and emotions, which can be both conscious and/or subconscious. The reason I don’t use TMS as often is that it implies some inflammation in the muscles (the definition of myositis), and there is no inflammation in the muscles in TMS/MBS. Dr. Sarno has started to use the term, Tension Myoneural Syndrome more recently, which keeps the same letters of TMS, but takes out the inflammation reference. Read more »